History Of The Jedi

This is a comprehensive and detailed History of the Jedi leading upto the events of the GJW. We also have included some important Jedi throughout the History of the Galaxy.

The Jedi and the History of the Order

Originally formed as a philosophical study group situated on the planet Tython, the Jedi became revered as august guardians of peace and justice in the galaxy. As mystical wielders of the Force and of their glowing, signature lightsabers, their powers inspired awe in most of the galaxy's citizens. The calm, considered demeanor of the Jedi made them ideal brokers of peace in times of conflict or dispute. Yet, for all their power and diversity, the Jedi were few. Often beset by foes in times of doubt and confusion, undercurrents of evil often challenged their order and the establishment they served, the most notable being the Sith. These dark warriors were the antithesis of the Jedi, their sworn enemies, and the battle between them brought the galaxy to war more than once. In times of crisis, the Sith influence could even block the sight of the Jedi Order.
The way of the Jedi had become the way of wisdom and patience, backed by swift and decisive action when necessary. However, the Jedi Council sometimes showed what appeared to be a lack of decisiveness, such as during the Mandalorian Wars, preferring to work with events and patterns over the long term. Their inaction spurred Revan to fight back, and eventually led to the Jedi Civil War. To the rest of the galaxy, the line between Jedi and Sith became blurred during the conflict, and both sides were blamed for the destruction wrought on worlds such as Katarr, Telos, and Dantooine.
A Jedi was a member of the Jedi Order, which studied, served and used the mystical energies of the Force; more specifically, the light side of the Force. The Jedi fought for peace and justice in the Galactic Republic, often against their mortal enemies, the Sith, who studied the dark side of the Force. Although the Order was virtually destroyed with the culmination of the Clone Wars, and before that approximately 4000 years before by Darth Revan and Darth Malak, the Jedi lived on due in large part to the efforts of Luke Skywalker, who forged a New Jedi Order to defend first the New Republic, and later its successor, the Galactic Federation of Free Alliances.

The Code

There is no emotion; there is peace.
There is no ignorance; there is knowledge.
There is no passion; there is serenity.
There is no chaos; there is harmony.
There is no death; there is the Force.

Training

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Becoming a Jedi required the most profound commitment and astute mind. The life of a Jedi was one of sacrifice. To hinder transgression, those who showed an aptitude for the Force were taken directly from birth (or soon afterward) to train in the Jedi Temple headquartered on Coruscant or at smaller Jedi Enclaves. From the beginning of their training a Jedi was expected to adhere to a strict Code that included concepts such as rational thought, patience, and benevolence. Emotions such as hate, anger, and fear were thought to be destructive and lead to the dark side, so such things were banned from Jedi practice.
Almost all youthful Jedi were initially called Younglings and instructed in "clans" by a venerable, experienced Jedi Master, learning the ways of the Jedi and the powers of the Force. After Ruusan it had become normal that the Jedi trainees were always children. Once Yavin 4 had been established as Jedi headquarters, the Jedi initiates, which were no longer children, were trained first under the direction of Jedi Master Luke Skywalker, and, in time, under another Master's direction in groups. With the New Jedi Order, the Younglings were trained in clans since childhood once more.
When an individual student achieved satisfactory understanding of the Jedi way, they were usually taken under the wing of another Jedi member and instructed individually to complete their training. Masters typically brought their Padawans along on missions, and later sent them on missions on their own, for them to gain experience and learn from practice.
In following the Code, Jedi behavior was rigidly structured to uphold self-discipline, responsibility, and public service. The Jedi conquered emotions and materialism. They honored life, the law, the order itself and the master-student relationship. Jedi rendered aid to support and defend the weak; compassion was "encouraged". Rules of engagement included such notions as understanding the dark and light in all things, learning to see accurately, opening their eyes to what was not evident and exercising caution, even in trivial matters. Above all, Jedi upheld their duty to the Republic and embraced the Force. The Jedi before the Ruusan Reformation typically had more leeway in their dealings, as the Order was more loosely organized and the individual Knights and Masters granted greater personal freedom. Afterwards, the Order was more centrally regulated by the High Council.

Lightsaber training

The traditional Jedi weapon was the lightsaber, which, in the hands of a skilled wielder, could be deadly in combat, even against opponents armed with ranged weapons. To attain this level of skill, however, required great focus and training. Students practiced the rubrics of lightsaber combat with a remote, and children used training lightsabers. They also dueled fellow Jedi as a contest of their skills. Due to all the weight being in the hilt, Jedi needed heightened awareness, thus, such conditioning honed their attunement to the Force. Since the binding of a lightsaber's intricate innards and the initial charging of the power cell also required knowledge of the Force to implement, a Jedi was tasked with constructing their own lightsaber as part of their training, using special crystals that focused the lightsaber's blade. During the Jedi Civil War era, many Cerean Jedi used specially-forged Kasha lightsaber crystals as a meditative tool; by incorporating such crystals into their training regimens, they helped to clear the wielder's mind of distractions, even during tense physical combat. Further, it was a task in itself to find components for the lightsaber. Meditation in a crystal cave on a planet such as Ilum or Dantooine would often produce an image in the Jedi's mind about the lightsaber they were to build. The construction of a lightsaber was considered a milestone on the path to Jedi Knighthood, and took on a heavily symbolic meaning.
"The crystal is the heart of the blade. The heart is the crystal of the Jedi. The Jedi is the crystal of the Force. The Force is the blade of the heart. All are intertwined: the crystal, the blade, the Jedi. You are one."

The Force

"A Jedi's strength flows from the Force. But beware the dark side. Anger, fear, aggression. The dark side of the Force are they. Easily they flow, quick to join you in a fight."

The Jedi were unified by their study of the Force: an "energy field" that emanated from every living thing. The Jedi sought to understand the Force so that they could use its power to protect and aid the people that they served. The Jedi believed that the Force could be harnessed through careful study and contemplation to benefit the user and the world around them. As they studied the light side of the Force, the Jedi encouraged their members only to use the Force for healing and defense—never in anger or fear. Unfortunately, several of the Jedi order throughout history disagreed with this view, arguing that other, darker uses of the Force should be allowed. This disagreement was one of the main issues the Jedi faced in their constant battle with the Sith.
The dark side of the Force brought with it a great temptation for many Jedi; to many the dark side seemed a quicker and easier path. Pursuit of the dark side, however, was a self-destructive endeavor, and many Jedi who tasted dark powers found it harder and harder to turn away. Though some Jedi could be redeemed back to the path of the light, many fell and became Dark Jedi, some of whom were members of the Sith Order. Further, the pall of the dark side could diminish Jedi ability, clouding their insights into important matters. For these reasons, practice of dark Force powers was expressly forbidden by the Jedi Council. Those fallen to the dark side, however, the Jedi tried to save. To the Jedi, killing was a last resort. This quality was at once a strength and a weakness of the Order.

The Jedi existence

Early Jedi were known to utilize shields and armor to protect themselves in battle, and used blaster pistols as well as lightsabers in combat. Later, as the lightsaber became a more self-contained weapon without an external power pack, the Jedi chose to carry it as their sole weapon of defense and offense. The lightsaber came to fulfill both a symbolic and pragmatic role for the Jedi; it identified the wielder, had a powerful visual impact, and given the availability of cybernetic replacement limbs might have been seen as a more 'clean' weapon than the blaster, which Jedi came to regard as "clumsy" and "random."
The Jedi of the pre-Reformation era also do not seem to have had any formal dress code, and dressed more or less as they saw fit, although traditional robes were favored by most Masters. These included a tunic, a cloak, and sometimes a tabard—usually in varied tones and shades of white and brown, though, gray was also quite common for the overtunic. The left side of the dress was always turned on the right part of the torso. After the Reformation, these robes became the typical Jedi clothing, even in battle. The Jedi also wore trousers, an obi, a leather utility belt, where they carried specialized field gear for their missions, and leather boots. The Jedi colors, which showed harmony with the Force, formed a stark contrast to the antithetical Sith, who were draped primarily in black.
In accordance with their philosophies of non-attachment, clothing was viewed as quite disposable. Indeed, possession itself was seen as forbidden as another form of attachment, and most Jedi lived out lives of materialistic poverty, though the Order's infrastructure and the support of the Republic meant the Jedi did not lack for food, housing, or clothing.
Post-Ruusan Jedi were forbidden to hold strong attachments, as they were believed to lead to the emotions of the dark side. For this reason, Jedi were not allowed to marry. Anakin Skywalker would become testament to such Jedi circumspection, as his fear of losing his undisclosed wife, Padmé Amidala, ultimately caused his fall to darkness, but his connection to his son, Luke Skywalker, would later drive him back to the light. Although Jedi were not required to be chaste as well, many Jedi were due to sex being considered a self-indulgence and an unnecessary act. At least one special case was recorded in this arrangement: Ki-Adi-Mundi who, due to low Cerean birth-rates, was permitted to have a polygamous marriage, and fathered seven daughters. Ranik Solusar was disciplined by the Council for his marriage and the child it produced, but was not expelled from the order.
Despite this restriction, Jedi were known to have secret, clandestine relationships, whether with non-Jedi, such as the marriages of Anakin Skywalker and Padmé Amidala, Quinlan Vos and Khaleen Hentz, and Etain Tur-Mukan and Clone Commando Darman; or within the Jedi Order itself—such as the relationships of Kit Fisto and Aayla Secura, Qui-Gon Jinn and Tahl, Obi-Wan Kenobi and Siri Tachi, and Tholme and Tr'a Saa. Many of these relationships did not lead to mishap. Further, Revan shared a romantic affection with Bastila Shan that was even able to redeem her.
Others openly defied the High Council on this matter. This led to particular strife with Jolee Bindo and his wife, Nayama Bindo, during the Great Sith War. Bindo trained his wife in the ways of the Force, but she soon fell to the dark side. He was not expelled from the order, and instead was to be promoted to the rank of Jedi Knight. He then lost faith in the wisdom of the Council and left the order.

The Order Temple

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The building was a massive structure that stood over a kilometer high above the buildings of Galactic City, Coruscant. Built around an ancient Force nexus located in a natural mountain, the area surrounding the Temple was a long, broad promenade, the Processional Way, in an area where the Temple was largely unobstructed to sight. From the outside, the Jedi Temple appeared as a high-raised ziggurat building in a stepped design, with five spires built on top, one taller, Sacred Spire surrounded by four smaller ones. These spires symbolized a Jedi's climb to enlightenment. Each of the four spires crowned a different quarter of the Temple; each of these quarters were specialized for a variety of different purposes. The First Knowledge quarter was the most important in the training of younglings, while the High Council quarter was the area where many conference and meeting rooms were located. The area around the Reassignment Tower was dedicated to the Public entrance, while the Reconciliation quarter had many gardens and garages.
Each of these five spires carried high-gain communication transmitters, used to contact field Jedi or other offworlders as required by any of the four Councils. For this reason the Temple was positioned high above any other buildings in the area, where there was little or no interference to the antennas.
The tallest, central spire was known as the Temple Spire, and was traditionally the most important, since it held the ancient texts of the founding Jedi, and was also a sacred place for contemplation. The Temple Spire contained the Hall of Knighthood near the summit, meditation chambers farther below, large memorial statues of the most revered Jedi suspended in the tower by repulsorlift pads, then the peak of the mountain around which the Temple was constructed. The peak was surrounded by a meditation balcony with a lower balcony presenting a series of holo-depictions of the history of the Jedi. The smallest younglings were brought here by their masters for their first introduction into Jedi knowledge. Throughout the mountain, ancient meditation chambers and the original cave chapels are now connected via stone bridges to a large corridor around the spire.
The four surrounding towers were built in 1,000 BBY and each contained a single Jedi Council. The first of the four smaller spires was home to the Jedi High Council. It was here that the twelve members of the High Council sat and debated the various facets of the Republic. This was the most important council since this council held decision-making powers over the whole Jedi Order, and, thus, quite a bit of influence in the Galactic Republic.
The next tower was used by the Council of First Knowledge. This council took care of matters requiring the wisdom of the elder Masters or Council members, and gave advice to the High Council and any Jedi who requested it. The third spire was the Council of Reconciliation Tower, which sought to find peaceful settlements to political disputes across the Galactic Republic. The fourth spire was the Reassignment Council Tower, which handled the organization of work for young Jedi who had not been chosen by Jedi Masters to be Apprentices.

The Coruscant temple's origins date back to 5,000 BBY when, at the conclusion of the Great Hyperspace War, the Galactic Republic granted the Jedi land on Coruscant over a sacred mountain which contained a Force nexus. The Republic hoped that the Jedi would build a fortress, like those on Ossus, Falang Minor and Haashimut, but the order only built a few meditative chambers and training facilities, believing itself to be above the tenets of traditional warfare. The original design consisted of tall stone buildings surrounding the mountain. Like the planet itself the Temple’s structure grew up, piling new rooms on top of old ones, largely obstructing the view of the natural spire. An Analysis Lab within the Jedi Archives.In 4,019 BBY, four Jedi Masters (two Warrior Masters and two Sage Masters) established the ziggurat of the Jedi Temple over the Force nexus on Coruscant. Placing durasteel plating over the stone walls, the structure began to appear more modern and secure.

Ranks

Jedi Initiate (or Youngling or "Jedi Hopeful") – a Force-sensitive child. Often a prospective Jedi was detected through blood sampling—those with great Force potential had high midi-chlorian counts in their bloodstream. At a very young age, children were removed from their families and assigned to the Jedi Temple for training. Younglings were taught in communal groups known as clans.

Jedi Padawan – an apprentice who began serious tutelage under a single Jedi Knight or Jedi Master. In order to graduate to Padawan status, an Initiate was required to be chosen by a Knight or Master and taken as their sole pupil. If a youngling was not chosen to be a Padawan by 13 years of age, the youngling was placed into another, lesser role in the Jedi Service Corps, or they could choose to leave the Order. Depending on where the student's talents lay, this might be the Agricultural Corps, the Medical Corps, or the Exploration Corps. Padawans who were of a haired species typically wore a long braid of hair behind their right ear. When a Padawan was elevated to Knighthood the braid was cut during the knighting ceremony. At least a few Jedi, though, were elevated to Knighthood simply by being told that they had passed whatever trials were considered necessary—most notably Obi-Wan Kenobi, and Vergere. Some exceptions of late acceptances to Padawan training were made, most notably in the case of Anakin Skywalker.
A Padawan and a Master.

Jedi Knight – a disciplined Padawan could become a fully trained Jedi once they completed "the trials." The known trials were, but weren't limited to: the Trial of Flesh, the Trial of Courage, the Trial of Skill and the Trial of Self (also known as "facing the mirror").

Jedi Master – a Jedi Knight who showed great understanding of the Force and managed to instruct a Padawan and train them successfully to the level of a Jedi Knight. This title could also be achieved through the performance of extraordinary deeds. Self-proclamation of the Jedi Master title was rare and frowned upon by the Jedi Council (for example: Jorus C'baoth and his unknown clone Joruus C'baoth).

Counsellor (or Council Member) – A very few Jedi were invited to serve on the Jedi Council, the governing body of the Order. The Council was made up exclusively of wise, experienced Masters. The only Jedi Knight to be appointed to the High Council, Anakin Skywalker, was appointed by Supreme Chancellor Palpatine, although he was not granted the rank of Master simply because of this. Ki-Adi-Mundi served as a Councilor while undergoing the process of becoming a Master at the time of his invitation before Anakin. The Council was made up of 12 masters, five of them with life terms (two of them designated as "senior"), four as long-term, and three short-term.

Grand Master – The highest rank of the Jedi Order was that of Grand Master. Yoda was once the Grand Master, as was Luke Skywalker following the Swarm War.

Sects within the Order

The Largest of the sects, being the Military organisation. This branch of the Jedi had control of their forces and ultimate power in the Republic to take decisions for peace or for war. Leading members of this sect were those such as the High Jedi General, This was the position of Obi-wan Kenobi and Jedi Lord. Another section within the Jedi Military was the Healers. There were a great many Jedi who devoted their lives to traveling with their warring counterpouts for the sole purpose of healing and protecting them in combat.
Culture, history and Knowledge was so important to the Order, in terms of a greater understanding that eventually they included Masters of the Order, whose sole position it was to chronicle history and gain knowledge of the past such as the Jedi Historian and Geologist.
The Liaison and Diplomacy department was important to the Jedi, the first steps to creating peace in many sparred conflicts. In this sect, the Jedi Sentinel and Watchmen diplomatically resolved issues for the order and kept them reaching far across the galaxy.
The Jedi Crime Investigation sector took up the devotion of Jedi characters such as the Sentinel and Shadow. It was their purpose within the order to uncover mysteries and delve into areas others feared to go in order to find the truth behind it. They were called upon a great many a times to investigate for the order itself.
The First sect of the order was the Instruction institution, for the purpose of education and training of the new Jedi. Instructors and Battlemasters would oversee and also physically train with the newer Padawans and even the more experienced Masters as sparring partners.

Grand Masters of the Jedi Order

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There have been only three known Grand Masters throughout history and each Grand Master was known to be the most prominent of their era, whether through feats of valor or otherwise. All three were apprenticed to the wisest Masters of their time. All three have proven their prowess with lightsabers, each having fought with them in the major Galactic conflicts of their day. All three were known to have incredible Force potential, and were very proficient in its applications. Nomi Sunrider was revered for her ability with Telepathic powers, the most infamous of which was the Telepathy attack she used to defeat Aleema Keto. Yoda was admired for his adept in the physical arts and wisdom, commonly acknowledged by all as the greatest Lightsaber Duelist in the History of the order. Finally, Luke Sywalker was granted the rank of Grand Master, not for his exceptional aptitude in the force, or unwavering skill with a blade, instead Luke became Grand Master of the Jedi Order for his glorious achievements, such as the Destruction of the Galactic Empire and the creation of the New Jedi Order.

Each of the Grand Masters' had the specifiec aim of eradicating the Sith threat from the Galaxy.
All three have engaged at least one Sith Lord, and defeated a Dark Lord in combat; both Yoda and Luke Skywalker triumphed with lightsabers, while Nomi Sunrider proved victorious with only the Force by her side. All three have assailed the leaders of these different Sith factions directly. Master Yoda dueled Darth Tyranus on two occasions, forcing the Sith Lord into retreat both times. He then dueled Darth Sidious to a stalemate, but ultimately lost that contest. Luke Skywalker has dueled more Sith Lords on more occasions than the others combined. First, his own father in Cloud City, where Darth Vader severed his weapon-hand and revealed himself as Luke's father. Again Luke dueled Vader, this time with assistance from his sister and the spirit of his old mentor. His third and final duel with Vader on the second Death Star, which led to Vader's redemption and the destruction of the Sith.

The Council of the Order

At the time of the Clone Wars, the Jedi Order had four Jedi Councils. The Jedi Temple had five spires, and while the tallest spire (the Temple Spire) contained the texts of the founding Jedi, the four smaller spires each contained one council.

The High Council was the primary governing body of the Jedi Order, and comprised twelve Jedi Masters or Jedi Knights who discussed and contemplated all aspects of the Order. The council was composed of five permanent members who accepted a lifetime commitment to it. In addition, four long-term members served until they chose to step down, and the limited-term members sat on the council for specified terms. Like the other three Old Republic-era Jedi Councils, the High Council was disbanded due to Order 66.
The council of first knowledge took care of matters requiring the wisdom of past Jedi Masters or Council members, and gave advice to the High Council and any Jedi who requested it.
The Council of Reconcilition sought after peaceful settlements to political disputes on Coruscant or other worlds in the Republic. Adi Gallia, Oppo Rancicis, and others would take part in this Council from time to time.
The Reassignment Council handled the organization of work for young Jedi who had not been chosen by Jedi Masters to be Padawans. This Council also dealt with the reassignment of Jedi to different positions and responsibilities. For instance, Jorus C'baoth was reassigned by the Council to act as a personal advisor to Senator Palpatine.

Famous Jedi

Grand Master Yoda

Yoda was one of the most renowned and powerful Jedi Masters in galactic history, and one of the few Galactic Republic Jedi to survive into the Galactic Civil War. The Order's most perceptive master, he served as Jedi Grand Master during the Clone Wars and the founding of the Galactic Empire, after which he went into hiding to escape the Jedi Purge. Though Yoda was one of the most respected members of the Order, he was not flawless. It was partly due to his lack of vision that the Jedi Order was destroyed by the Sith Lord Darth Sidious, and replaced with the Galactic Empire. Still, he would make up for his mistakes by playing a major role in later galactic events, training and mentoring Luke Skywalker during the Galactic Civil War. After his death in 4 ABY, he became one with the Force.

Master Ben Kenobi

Obi-Wan Kenobi, later known as Ben Kenobi, was a Jedi Master who played a significant role in the fate of the galaxy during the waning days of the Galactic Republic. He was personally responsible for the death of Darth Maul, and indirectly caused the deaths of Darth Tyranus, Darth Vader, and Darth Sidious by training Anakin and Luke Skywalker in the ways of the Force. He had a long and tumultuous career that has helped shape the fate of an entire galaxy. He received his training from Masters Yoda and Qui-Gon Jinn. He taught both Anakin and Luke Skywalker in the ways of the Force, therefore indirectly forging the foundation stone of the New Jedi Order.
In 32 BBY, he became the first Jedi in approximately 1,000 years to defeat and kill a Sith Lord in combat when he defeated Darth Maul during the Second Battle of Theed, and he later defeated (but did not kill) Darth Vader on Mustafar. Kenobi was also one of the last members of the Jedi High Council during the waning days of the Galactic Republic, one of the few Jedi to survive the Great Jedi Purge, and a master of the third form of lightsaber combat, Form III: Soresu. He fought as a High General for the Galactic Republic during the Clone Wars, earning the sobriquet "The Negotiator", and personally ended the threat of General Grievous.

Kit Fisto

Kit Fisto was a renowned male Nautolan Jedi Master in the waning years of the Galactic Republic. During the Clone Wars, he served as a High Jedi General in the Grand Army of the Republic, as well as a member of the Jedi High Council.
He was known for his trademark smile and his unusually close relationship with fellow Jedi Aayla Secura, an attachment that occasionally pushed the limits of the Jedi Code. In 19 BBY, along with Mace Windu, Agen Kolar, and Saesee Tiin, Fisto perished at the hands of Darth Sidious.

Mace Windu

Mace Windu was a prominent Jedi Master during the final years of the Republic. A Korunnai Human from the world of Haruun Kal, Windu served as one of the last members of the Jedi High Council before the Great Jedi Purge. On the Council, Windu was often regarded as second only to the Grand Master Yoda, though Windu was eight centuries Yoda's junior. Windu's wisdom and power were legendary, as were the weight of his words. Widely considered one of the best swordsmen in the Jedi Order, Windu created Vaapad, the modern seventh form of lightsaber combat. Mace was one of the best lightsaber duelists of the Jedi Order, and was one of the two Jedi to ever fully master Vaapad. It was said only two opponents ever bested him — Yoda, and Count Dooku, and he could Duel Qui-Gon Jinn to a draw.
Mace Windu served the Jedi Order his entire life, training numerous Jedi, including Depa Billaba, Echuu Shen-Jon, and Iguni. It was Master Windu who led 212 Jedi into combat at the Battle of Geonosis and defeated the deadly bounty hunter Jango Fett. He continued to serve the Republic throughout the Clone Wars, often on the frontlines of fierce fighting. In the final years of the war, Windu confronted Darth Sidious, and skillfully defeated him in a duel, but was betrayed by Anakin Skywalker and subsequently killed by Sidious; falling to his death from the window of Sidious's office. Windu's death marked the beginning of the Great Jedi Purge.

The Jedi Prophecy

The prophecy of the Chosen One was an ancient Jedi legend that foretold the coming of a being who was "to bring balance to the Force". This prophecy was interpreted by Qui-Gon and other Jedi to mean that he would destroy the Sith. Qui-Gon Jinn believed that a young Anakin Skywalker was that person when he discovered him in 32 BBY, because of Anakin's exceptionally high midi-chlorian count and unique birth.
"…And in the time of greatest despair, there shall come a savior, and he shall be known as THE SON OF THE SUNS."
It seemed that Anakin was not the Chosen One, since he fell to the Dark Side, and as Darth Vader, was a main figure in the destruction of the Jedi Order. However, in 4 ABY he redeemed himself with his decision to stand against Emperor Palpatine, sacrificing himself to save his son, Luke, and finally destroyed the Sith in the process, proving Qui-Gon and various others correct at last. With the deaths of both Sidious and Vader the Force was brought into a certain "balance".
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